Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli

by Bradly J. Edgerton

Publisher: University Park Press in Baltimore

Written in English
Cover of: Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli | Bradly J. Edgerton
Published: Pages: 90 Downloads: 80
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Subjects:

  • Audiometry, Speech.,
  • Speech, Intelligibility of.,
  • Acoustic stimulation.,
  • Hearing disorders.,
  • Speech discrimination tests.

Edition Notes

Other titlesNonsense stimuli.
Statementby Bradly J. Edgerton and Jeffrey L. Danhauer.
ContributionsDanhauer, Jeffrey L., joint author.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRF294.5.S6 E33
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 90 p. :
Number of Pages90
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4402998M
ISBN 100839114214
LC Control Number79004423

Auditory Steady-State Responses and Speech Feature Discrimination in Infants DOI: /jaaa Barbara Cone* Angela Garinis{Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether there was a correlation between auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) for complex toneburst stimuli and speech feature discrimination. Information for Parents About Central Auditory Processing (CAP) Observations and Tests Central Auditory Processing (CAP). Very concisely stated, central auditory processing may be explained as “what the brain does with what the ears hear” (Katz, ). Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD).File Size: 64KB. Fully optimized discrimination of physiological responses to auditory stimuli Stepan Y Kruglikov1,2, to phonological deficits in the rapid processing of speech. Fully optimized discrimination of physiological responses to auditory stimuli 0 0 0 1 0 This study examined whether rapid temporal auditory processing, verbal working memory capacity, non-verbal intelligence, executive functioning, musical ability and prior foreign language experience predicted how well native English speakers (N = ) discriminated Norwegian tonal and vowel contrasts as well as a non-speech analogue of the tonal contrast and a native vowel Cited by: 8.

The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of using perceptual ratings for assessing voice quality in patients with vocal fold nodules or polyps. A dimension perceptual rating system was modeled after systems currently in clinical by: This article reviews the importance of word stress for typical language acquisition and presents evidence that in certain developmental language disorders, processing of word stress is disrupted. Two novel experiments were carried out testing the production and perception of word stress in a group of 16 children and adolescents with Down syndrome (ages ) matched on receptive . Affective Discrimination of Stimuli That Cannot Be Recognized Abstract. Animal and human subjects readily develop strong preferences for ob- jects that have become familiar through repeated exposures. Experimental evidence is presented that these preferences can develop even when the exposures are so File Size: KB. SYNOPSIS: An Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing is the fifth edition of Dr. Moore's text. The book presents an evaluative summary of research investigating fundamental topics in psychoacoustics including threshold, temporal processing, frequency selectivity, masking, and pitch perception.

Speech recognition ability of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss as a function of amplification, speech stimuli and listening condition. Ear and Hearing, . Clinical Forum What Speech-Language Pathologists Need to Know About Auditory Processing Disorder Alan G. Kamhia Purpose: To consider whether auditory processing disorder (APD) is truly a distinct clinical entity or whether auditory prob-lems are more appropriately viewed as a processing deficit that may occur with various developmental disorders.   The experiments in this study were completed in the order in which they appear: speech perception was completed first (context then nonsense sentences), followed by the cognitive measures (working memory then non-verbal intelligence), and finally measures of spectral resolution (spectral-ripple discrimination then detection).Author: Erin R. O'Neill, Heather A. Kreft, Andrew J. Oxenham. Speech discrimination should be determined using a standardized measure of speech discrimination ability in quiet at a test presentation level sufficient to ascertain maximum discrimination ability. The speech discrimination measure (test) used, and the level at which testing was done must be reported.

Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli by Bradly J. Edgerton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli. Baltimore: University Park Press, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Bradly J Edgerton; Jeffrey L Danhauer. The authors conclude with a brief discussion of implications for future research.

Clinical Implications of Speech Discrimination Testing Using Nonsense Stimuli should serve as a valuable text in graduate courses in audiology and related disciplines. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Clinical Implications of Speech Discrimination Testing Using Nonsense Stimuli at the best online prices at.

His special interests include aural rehabilitation, hearing aids, otoacoustic emissions, diagnostic speech perception tests, newborn hearing screening, and outcome measures.

Clinical Implications of Speech Discrimination Testing Using Nonsense Stimuli. University Park Press: Baltimore. 90pps. Author(s): Edgerton,Bradly J; Danhauer,Jeffrey L Title(s): Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli/ Bradly J.

Edgerton and Jeffrey L. Danhauer. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Baltimore: University Park Press, c   A testing approach was developed to achieve this sample size while retaining the principal features of the most commonly accepted speech recognition tests (i.e., monosyllabic words presented in an open-set format, verbal responses, and right/wrong scoring).Cited by: Speech Discrimination Tests and Nonsense Syllables.

In Clinical implications of speech discrimination testing using nonsense stimuli (pp. 3–32). Baltimore, MD: University Park by: The person being tested wears a set of headphones that blocks out other distracting sounds and delivers a test tone to one ear at a time. At the sound of a tone, the patient holds up a hand or.

Closed-Set Speech Discrimination Tests for Assessing Young Children tests using stimuli presented at a low fixed level, chosen to avoid ceiling effects while avoiding the.

Start studying Speech Testing/Pediatric Testing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

-Speech discrimination testing-Word recognition testing -conditioned to respond to a pure tone stimuli using a toy or game-bear in the bucket, piece in puzzle. Unit 8 Audiology 88 terms. Combining auditory and visual stimuli in the adaptive testing of speech discrimination. Steele JA, Binnie CA, Cooper WA.

This investigation determined the feasibility of using both auditory and visual stimuli in the adaptive testing of speech discrimination. Thirty-six adults with normal hearing and vision were by: 5. Discrimination Testing in Sensory Science: A Practical Handbook is a one-stop-shop for practical advice and guidance on the performance and analysis of discrimination testing in sensory science.

The book covers all aspects of difference testing: the history and origin of different methods, the practicalities of setting up a difference test, replications, the statistics behind. Words and nonsense syllables typically comprise the stimuli for these speech discrimination (two-alternative) or identification (multiple-choice) tasks.

Phoneme identification tests are particularly useful for obtaining information about speech features (voicing, manner, and place) and do not rely on higher-level cognitive/linguistic processing 4/5(26). Using the adaptive methodology known as the Doublet technique, speech-discrimination testing using monosyllabic word lists from the Northwestern University Auditory Test No.

6 (NU-6) (Tillman and Car-hart, ) was performed at the target levels of and % for both auditory-only and auditory-visual by: 5. Speech perception is often considered specific to the auditory modality, despite convincing evidence that speech processing is bimodal.

The theoretical and. For Surgical Patients Clinical Obstetrics And Gynaecology 2e Clinical Implications Of Speech Discrimination Testing Using Nonsense Stimuli Clinical Target Volumes In Conformal And Invading Enemy Territory Win Worley Straitwaytruth,Download Invading Enemy Territory Win Worley Straitwaytruth,Free download Invading Enemy Territory Win Worley.

Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, – Cromer, R. Hierarchical planning disability in the drawings and constructions of a special group of severely aphasic children. Brain and Cognition, 2, – Doehring, D. Visual spatial memory in aphasic children.

Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 3, – Speech discrimination testing may assist the audiologist in making decisions about certain hearing aid characteristics. Several speech tests are available and can be used to assess aided versus unaided speech perception ability, as well as levels of.

Another advantage of nonsense syllable tests is that learning effects in multiple experiments with the same stimuli are very small compared with tests using real-word stimuli (Dubno & Dirks, ).

Thus, it is possible to use the same nonsense syllable test for repeated examination of speech perception in the same individual to check for Cited by: 2. I. Introduction TRADITIONALLY, a speech discrimination score is the percentage of test items a person can identify correctly by ear.

Two decades ago lists of monosyllabic words, the PB tests, were adapted to the measurement Cited by:   A weak, positive relationship appears to exist between speech-in-noise testing, particularly when presented at more than one level, and real-world outcome.

There are some clinical procedures using recorded speech and noise, which hold promise as pre-fitting predictors of real-world hearing aid benefit.4/5(73). The discrimination of synthetic speech and nonspeech stimuli was investigated in infants 40–54 days of age by means of a nonnutritive conjugate sucking procedure.

Four groups of S s were given repeated presentations of one auditory stimulus, and upon habituating to it, were shifted to a second (postshift) by: Clinical Processes Final.

STUDY. PLAY. False. The speech-language pathologist, John, is very concerned. This example displays the ethical issue of (c) discrimination in delivery of services based on age, religion, ethniciy, disability. In this case, discrimination is due to Mrs.J's disability, her terminal illness.

The Speech Discrimination Test. The results of this test are recorded as a “%” on your hearing test form. The number is the percent of words you repeated back to the audiometrist correctly.

Normal speech discrimination is %, mild %, moderate %, poor %, very poor %, below 35% very severely impaired. Previous research on the influence of lipreading on speech perception has failed to consistently show that individuals with aphasia benefit from the visual cues provided by lipreading.

The present study was designed to replicate these findings, and to investigate the role of lipreading at the discourse level. Six participants with aphasia took part in this study. A syllable. The content reflects the professional, clinical and teaching activities and small body of research of the site owner, Caroline Bowen.

She is interested in children's speech sound disorders ( book), developmental language disorder, the role of families in intervention, evidence-based practice vs. pseudoscience ( book), empirical. Speech discrimination testing determines: which speech sounds your child hears; and how loud these speech sounds must be for your child to hear them.

The results of hard-of-hearing children and adults indicated that none of them differ significantly from the normal group in discrimination of non-speech duration, while their performances in perception of speech stimuli show extensive individual variations, being more strongly correlated with clinical history as well as with past history of Author: Kimie Nakamura, Hiroya Fujisaki, Toshiaki Imoto.

Purpose: Speech-language pathologists have the skills and knowledge needed to play an important role in the early identification of children who are at risk for reading difficulties. Whereas research has identified language and other factors that may be predictive of future reading problems, studies have not provided the statistical models and classification data Cited by: Task VII involved the discrimination of pairs of CVCC nonsense stimuli in which SPEECH PROCESSING IN APRAXIA 73 one cluster in the differing pairs (80) was varied by one of the five methods used for the two preceding tasks.

Further, care was exercised in selecting the final clusters for the by:. Psychology Definition of SPEECH DISCRIMINATION TEST: balanced word list to see well a person understands speech.stimuli better than between non-preexposed stimuli, rast,individualswith autism would show even better discrimination between two previously exposed stimuli compared to the control group because our hypothesis was that individuals with autism process unique features better and common .The use of monosyllables as test stimuli in speech-testing paradigms is often criticized for lacking natural dynamics of real speech such as word stress, coarticulation, and dynamic range [56].

Words, however, remain the most popular stimulus type among audiologists and minimize the effects of working memory and linguistic context on performance.